Management Skills defined
Management skills can be defined by an organisation, by individuals or by third party institutions such as consultants and professional bodies. They are normally defined in terms of a skills or competency framework or skills matrix. This will usually be a list of skills or competencies and a rating system, with some form of range statement of what it means to be at particular level for a given skill.
The development of skills and competencies must be an iterative process in which individuals assess and update their identified skill sets and competencies regularly. These updates should occur at least as frequently as employees’ regular line manager reviews, and certainly when their skill sets change. Skills management systems record the results of this process in a database, and allow analysis of the data, typically to assist with project staffing or hiring decisions.
To perform management functions and assume multiple roles, managers must be skilled.
Robert Katz identified three managerial skills essential to successful management: technical, human, and conceptual. Technical skill involves process or technique knowledge and proficiency. Managers use the processes, techniques and tools of a specific area. Human skill involves the ability to interact effectively with people. Managers interact and cooperate with employees. Conceptual skill involves the formulation of ideas. Managers understand abstract relationships, develop ideas, and solve problems creatively. Thus, technical skill deals with things, human skill concerns people, and conceptual skill has to do with ideas.
A manager’s level in the organization determines the relative importance of possessing technical, human, and conceptual skills. Top level managers need conceptual skills that let them view the organization as a whole. Conceptual skills are used in planning and dealing with ideas and abstractions. Supervisors need technical skills to manage their area of specialty. All levels of management need human skills so they can interact and communicate with other people successfully.
As the pace of change accelerates and diverse technologies converge, new global industries are being created (for example, telecommunications). Technological change alters the fundamental structure of firms and calls for new organizational approaches and management skills.
There are different types of skills in the corporate world. Soft Skills, communication skills, business writing, corporate presentation, public speaking, sales, maketing, leadership and managerial skills are few of the skills.